Mention of our mid-June desert road trip on Instagram this morning has compelled me to share a little nugget of knowledge that I gleaned on the trip.
The plant in this photo is Ephedra (I don’t know which species as there are several), commonly known as Mormon tea. Those of you who are not from the Southwest may look at this photo of a leafless, brittle shrub and see a broom plant (Genista), which is how I identified it on first sight on a morning hike through Joshua Tree park until our guide, JayBe corrected me.
He went on to explain how Mormon settlers used the leaves of this bush as a sort-of black tea substitute. People that we met on the trip said that drinking the tea gives you a bit of an energy boost, not unlike caffeine. I brought a little home with me to try, but haven’t done so as of yet. I am quite allergy prone and only try new herbs once I have thoroughly done my homework and am certain that it will be safe. If you’d like to try some yourself, Native Seed/SEARCH in Tucson, Arizona, sells stems of Ephedra americana.
Since the trip I have done some research of my own and according to the books I consulted (listed below), a tea made from the plant is also used medicinally as a kidney flush, decongestant, and for support during allergy season (makes me think I might be just fine with this herb).
The book “Indian Uses of Desert Plants” by James W. Cornett explains that the plant had other edible uses for some local tribes. The roasted seeds were mde into a mush and used to bake a bitter bread, and chewing the stems, “…increased salivation as a temporary relief from thirst.” The book also indicates that Ephedra viridis was used to make a light-tan coloured dye, and I am now curious to know what sort of colour the stems I brought home with me might glean.
- Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest
- Los Remedios: Traditional Herbal Remedies of the Southwest
- Plants of the Cahuilla Indians of the Colorado Desert and Surrounding Mountains by Robert James Hepburn